Coupled Reactions

Second Law of Thermodynamics: Entropy

First Law of Thermodynamics

Kinetic Isotope Effects

Kinetic Versus Thermodynamic Products

The Principle of Microscopic Reversibility

Definition of a Reaction Intermediate

Transition state

Ester Enolates

Acid-Catalyzed Ester Hydrolysis

Reaction with Primary Amines to form Imines

Nomenclature of Aldehydes & Ketones

Acetal Formation

Definition of Steric Effect

What is a Nucleophile?

Nucleophilic Substitution, SN2, SN1

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